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Bose Einstein Condensate First Seen In Space 2020 by NASA

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Bose Einstein-Condensate

As we know, there are seven states of Matter named Solids, Liquids, Gases, Ionized Plasma, Quark-Gluon Plasma, Bose-Einstein Condensate and Fermionic condensate. Bose Einstein is fifth state of matter which is typically formed when a gas of bosons at low densities is cooled to temperatures very close to absolute zero.

Bose-Einstein-Condensate



 Bose-Einstein Condensate is that state of Matter in which separate atoms or subatomic particles get cooled to near absolute Zero Temperature amalgamate (unite) into a single quantum mechanical entity.

The two examples of Bose Einstein-Condensate are Superconductors and Superfluids.

Description of Bose Einstein-Condensate

This state is observed in spaced we talk about it in our next paragraphs, at here we discuss about its structure it looks like a lump in the bottom of the magnetic bowl, it look likes a drop of water which condensing out of damp air onto a cold bowl. Sometimes, it look likes a bit like inside a strawberry.
It is very very dilute gas while it’s big enough to see in principle and it doesn’t scatter light hardly enough to be visible.

Discovery and Progress of Bose Einstein-Condensate

Satyandra Nath Bose (Indian) was first who sent paper to Einstein on photons in which he derived planck’s quantum radiation law without any reference to classical physics. Einstein was impressed and translated that paper into German which was published in 1924, Einstein extend Bose ideas to matter in 2 other papers by which he developed the concept of Bose Gas governed by Bose- Einstein statistics and formed Bosons that’s why this state of matter  was named by Bose because it was first discovered by Satyendra Nath Bose and total credit given to both Einstein and Satyendra Nath Bose.

Bose Einstein Condensate

On June 1995, the first gaseous condensate was produced by Eric Cornell and Carl Wiema at the University of Colorado at Boulder NIST-JILA lab in a gas of rubidium atoms cooled to 170 nanokelvins. Wolfgang Ketterle at MIT realized BEC in a gas of Sodium Atoms.

Bose Einstein-Condensate Seen For first time in Space

We aware with all other states of matter because we seen them and we can easily classify them For example: If someone asks us about Is it solid, liquid or gas? so we can easily give answer but if someone ask us that is this Bose-Einstein Condensate so we have’nt any answer because we never seen it and we have’nt any knowledge regarding Bose-Einstein Condensate because Its theory was given by many Scientists but its exact knowledge about its structure was still unknown, but on Thursaday we got one news that Bose-Einstein Condensate was seen in Space by our NASA scientists.

This discovery helps to solve some of the quantum universe’s most intractable conundrums, It contain vital clues to mysterious phenomena such as Dark Energy ( unknown energy, Universe’s accelerating expansion). On Thursday a team of NASA scientists unveiled the first results from BEC experiments aboard the International Space Station, where particles can be manipulated free from Earthly constraints.

If new update will come on Bose-Einstein Condensate so I will upload here.




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