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American revolution of 1776


American Revolution 

The Revolutionary War or American revolution waged against the American colonies against Britain influenced the political ideology and global revolt, as the small traveling country gained its freedom from the largest military force of its time.

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The American Revolution, also known as the United States War of Independence or the American Civil War, (1775-83), attacked the British colonial conquest of North America and continued to build the United States of America. The war was followed by more than a decade of growing divisions between the British crown and a large part of the influence of its North American colonies which was prompted by British efforts to ensure that they were heavily dominated by colonial affairs after too much adherence to the policy of apathy. Until the beginning of 1778 the conflict was a civil war within the British Empire, but later it became an international war as France (1778) and Spain (1779) joined the colonies against Britain. At that time, the Netherlands, which provided legitimate recognition of the United States and its financial backing, was at war with Britain. From the beginning, maritime power was crucial in deciding the course of the war, supporting a British strategy for a change that helped compensate for an equal number of troops sent to America and ultimately empowering the French to help bring Britain's final commitment to Yorktown.

The American Revolution began by


On the ground, fighting in the American Revolution began in clashes between British and American law enforcement on April 19, 1775, first in Lexington, when 700 British troops faced 77 local kidnappers, then in Concord, where the 320- to 400-strong American delegation sent scurrying British. The British had come to Concord to take over the colonial military shops, which had been vigilantly reported on the room by the most effective means of communication - including the ride of Paul Revere, celebrated with a poetic license in Longfellow's "Paul Revere's Ride" (1861).


Role of Soldiers in American revolution

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Most of the soldiers, however, were aged 18 to 24. The young boys in the army served as messengers, water carriers, and drummers. During the Revolutionary War or American revolution, more soldiers died from disease than in war. The soldiers were malnourished, dressed in robes, sheltering and living under adverse conditions.

Role of Agriculture in American revolution


Agriculture was the first livelihoods of 90% of the population, and most of the towns were exported to export agricultural products. Many farms were intended for subsistence production for family use. The rapid population growth and the expansion of the border opened up dozens of new farms, and clearing the land was a priority for farmers. After 1800, cotton became a major crop in the southern fields, as well as the main export of America. After 1840, industrialization and urbanization opened up profitable domestic markets. The number of farms grew from 1.4 million in 1850, to 4.0 million in 1880, and 6.4 million in 1910; then began to fall, down to 5.6 million in 1950 and 2.2 million in 2008.

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 In the American colonies, the Scots-Irish focused on mixed agriculture. Using this technique, they grow corn for human and animal feed, especially pigs. Many farmers with a sense of development in different backgrounds are starting to use new agricultural methods to maximize their impact. In the 1750s, these agricultural inventors replaced the hand slices and syringes used for harvesting hay, wheat and barley on a scale scale, a wooden fingerprint that arranged the grain of the grain for easy collection. This tool was able to triple the amount of work done by a farmer in one day.

Wheat, used in white bread, and cakes, and pasta, and pizza, has been the main grain since the 18th century. It was introduced by the early English colonists and soon became a lucrative crop of farmers who sold it to townspeople and importers. Intelleectual and Philosopher in American Revolution
Since the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the fifth century, Europe's mostly illiterate population had been guided by superstition, fear of an angry God and ignorant obedience to authorities who may or may not have their subjects' best interests at heart. Unable to read the scriptures or the law for themselves, their only option was to obey or not obey - and challenging the authority of the king or the church often resulted in a slow and painful death. A thousand years later, that finally began to change.

Role of Intellectual in American Revolution


A series of intellectual and spiritual movements prompted some individuals to suggest that humans had been living in the Dark Ages. A renewed awareness of old knowledge, combined with developments in science, theology and philosophy, helped turn on the lights, so to speak. This movement, spanning the 18th century, is known today as the Enlightenment, or the Age of Reason.

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The Enlightenment reached the colonies through the port cities. At first, such philosophy circulated only among the educated elite. Then, Benjamin Franklin, arguably the single most important figure of the Enlightenment in America, printed inexpensive pamphlets and newspapers to spread the ideas quickly. He published Poor Richard's Almanack to entertain the colonists and instill Enlightenment values in them.

Role of Philosophers in American Revolution 

There were many thinkers during the Enlightenment period that spanned over two centuries. The prominent ones were Voltaire, Charles Montesquieu, Adam Smith, and René Descartes. Due to the socio-economic reality at the time, history does not correctly reflect the contribution of women and thinkers from other nations during this period. The thinkers during the Enlightenment period would apply knowledge and develop knowledge of earlier or contemporary thinkers. Below are five intellectuals whose ideas and reflections directly shaped the American ideology, fueled the revolutionary war and the nature of governments formed in the states after Independence.

The first was John Locke, who was prominent in the 17th Century during the rise of joint-stock companies and the Glorious Revolution in England. In the 1680 work, Second Treaties on Government, Locke contended that all men are born equal with inalienable natural rights that governments cannot purport to take away. He further demonstrated freemen could willfully decide to give up their inherent rights to a government, abandoning their natural setting and enter into a society in exchange for the protection of the government.

A government must uphold rules of liberty and property, protecting the lives of the citizens and failure to abide by this obligation means that citizens are free to change the government. His work was widely read by Englishmen and Americans, including Thomas Jefferson. He was in turn influenced by Isaac Newton work concerning scientific empiricism which was the first to expound on Natural laws in Science through his work Principles of Natural Philosophy 1687.

Locke was also the first to defend women’s property rights and their freedom to choose divorce. He condemned slavery as vile and miserable. However, for all the progressive thinking and contribution to human rights, Locke was a hypocrite because he invested in the Royal African Company that traded slaves and wrote the Carolina Constitution of 1669, that guaranteed slave owners “absolute power and authority” over their human property. However, his writing was still influential in demonstrating the contradictory principles of the new American government that declared its Independence, citing inalienable rights and yet suppressed and grossly violated the human rights and dignity of slaves.
David Hume, the second philosopher, is acclaimed for the self-evident truths in the Declaration of Independence based on the principles of the synthetic and analytic truth. Synthetic truths were a matter of fact truths came to be known as self-evident, deductible by reason. He friends with Adam Smith and Benjamin Franklin. The idea provided a shift in understanding human equality as a religious principle rather than as a principle appreciated by reason and founded on the scientific revolution.

Jacques Rousseau was the third main important 18th Century intellectual during the Enlightenment period whose ideas also influenced the American Revolution. He was born in Geneva and was the son of a clockmaker. His works the Social Contract and Emile, a treatise on education, resulted in a lot of controversies causing him to flee Paris to France.

Since the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the fifth century, many uneducated Europeans have been guided by superstition, the fear of an angry God, and the disobedience of the officials who might have little or no regard for them. Unable to read the scriptures or the law on their own, their only choice was obedience or disobedience - and they challenged the authority of the king or the church and often resulted in slow and painful death. After a thousand years, that began to change.

A series of mental and spiritual movements has led some to suggest that humans were living in Black times. A renewed awareness of ancient knowledge, combined with advances in science, theology and philosophy, helped turn the lights on. This movement, which dates back to the 18th century, is known today as the Enlightenment, or the Age of Reason.

Achievement of American Revolution

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In September of 1783, the United States government and the British Parliament officially agreed to the Treaty of Paris, which ended the American Revolution. It also recognized the colonies' independence and drew lines between British Canada and American territory.

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