Thursday, 11 August 2016

Sentence - General English

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Sentence (General English) for Bank PO, Clerk, SSC CHSL, CGL and other competitive exams| Sentence, Definition, Kinds, Phrase, Clause, Sentence Structures

Basic Things

Number of alphabets in English: 26 alphabets

• Alphabets are divided into two types:

Vowels: Those alphabets that can be pronounced without the help of any other alphabets are called
Vowels. There are five vowels: a, e, i, o, u.

Consonants: Those alphabets that can be pronounced with the help of vowels are called
Consonants.Remaining 21 alphabets are consonants.

Words: A word is formed by one or more alphabets. It has a meaning.

Syllables: A syllable is a single unit of a word pronounced in one instance. It is a way to split word into speech sounds.
Example: Car, Cat, Eat are one syllable words.
Again, Purple, Silver are two syllable words.
Similar, Animal, Attention are three syllable words.

Sentence

Definition: A group of words which makes complete sense is called a sentence.
Example: This is my car.

Kinds of Sentence: There are four kinds of sentences:

◘ Assertive or Declarative Sentence: A sentence which states or declares a fact is called an Assertive sentence. It ends with a full stop.
Example: The sun rises in the east.
He is a student.

◘ Imperative Sentence: A sentence expresses a command, a request, an entreaty or wish is called an Imperative sentence.
Example: Close the door.
Please lend me your notebook.

◘ Interrogative Sentence: A sentence which asks question is called an Interrogative Sentence. It ends with a question mark.
Example: Where do you live?
Where did you find this book?

◘ Exclamatory Sentence: A sentence which expresses sudden and strong feelings such as surprise pleasure, sorrow or happiness is called an Exclamatory Sentence.
Example: What a shot!
Oh my God!

Phrase: A group of words that makes sense, but not complete sense, is called a phrase.
Example: extremely pleasant, The old man

Clause: A group of words which forms part of a sentence, and contains a subject and a predicate, is called a clause.
Example: I first met him in town where I lived earlier. Underlined part is a Clause.

Independent Clause: An independent clause is a clause that can stand alone as a sentence as it makes complete sense. It has a subject and verb.
Examples: I met him in train.
He read the book.

Structures of Sentence

• There are four sentence structures:

Simple sentence: A simple sentence contains one independent clause.
Example: I like to play football.
He is my friend.

Compound Sentence: A compound sentence has two independent clauses joined by a linking word such as and, but, so, or.
Example: He worked hard yet he did not achieve good marks.
They went to museum but found it closed.

Complex Sentence: A complex sentence has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.
Example: After she became old, she started going for morning walks.
He wanted to go to the cricket match, even though it was raining.

Compound-Complex Sentence: A compound-complex sentence contains two independent clause and at least one dependent clause.
Example: Mahesh had a headache after the party was over so suresh cleaned the house.
After I graduated from college, I wanted to do travel, but I had to work immediately.

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